The persona can feature very heavily in our writing process, and when well utilized can help us shape our story into something familiar to the reader. The evolving masks that characters wear is a well know aspect of writing. As we’ve noted before, we don’t want our heroes to be perfect, we want them to be flawed like us (and the reader). Understanding the different manifestations of the persona and their impact on the character can help us write the changes our characters go through in a more universal manner that will be easy for our readers to connect with.
Often times a character, frequently the protagonist, will have a strong identification of a part of her/himself (i.e., her/his persona). S/he may view the self as the protector of a town, as a caring figure, etc. Regardless of what this identification with the persona is, it is often rigid and defines the character (note, the persona defines the character, the persona is not an aspect of the character at this point, it is the character). Then, in the course of events, something will occur that will damage the character’s identification with her/his persona. Examples may be someone destroying the city s/he protects or the person harming someone s/he cares for. From this damage to the persona the character moves into disintegration, which will often be beginning point of the quest where the character sets out to figure out who s/he is.
After the disintegration of the persona, our characters may move into negative restoration of the persona. Having failed initially to maintain her/his persona the character may try to reclaim it but due to the position in the story the character cannot claim it (e.g., the city is destroyed/conquered and the character hasn’t developed enough to save it, or the relationship has been ended by another character and despite the protagonist trying to re-demonstrate her/his ability to be a caregiver). This movement can lead the character into having an absence of her/his persona.
Being unable to reclaim her/his original persona the character may completely abandon her/his identity, lacking a core sense of self. This may be the moment in our writing where our protagonist stands on the cusp of abandoning the quest, relationship, etc. This stage of development could be framed by the phrase, “If I’m not X, then I am nothing.”
At this point something occurs that helps our character either reaffirm her/his identity or begin developing a new one, such as a minor victory or the development of a new relationship where the character tries out a new persona. Usually the restoration of the persona will carry our story through until conclusion. At each step as the character begins the restoration process s/he demonstrates the new found flexibility of her/his persona. S/he is able to encounter setbacks and damage to self-identity, but is now able to adapt, integrate, and keep moving. This restored persona is what allows our character to eventually achieve success.
As is always our goal for understanding and incorporating psychology into our writing is to hold a mirror up to our readers. The evolution/development of the persona is so core to the human experience that the majority of our readers will immediately identify with this process and with our character(s). Our readers may see the rigidness of their own persona and begin a personal exploration that starts with walking with our characters in the shoes we’ve laid out for them.
As always, from my couch to your pen happy writing!
And keep sending in your questions! mailto:W.T.Jowett@outlook.com