This is part three in a four part series covering psychological defense mechanisms, you
The third levels of defense mechanisms are neurotic defenses. In this case, neurosis refers to distress but does not involve hallucinations or delusions like the previous two levels of defense mechanisms. Most adults manifest some of these defense mechanisms to a greater or lesser degree throughout their lives. In the short run these defense mechanisms can offer a person some reprieve from the pressures of reality. If used consistently it has the potential to cause lasting damage to relationships, diminish success in the workplace, and minimize the enjoyment of other activities.
The neurotic defense mechanisms include:
- Reaction formation
- Upward and downward social comparisons